How well do you know The GOAL

The answers to The GOAL Quiz #4 are in bold italics...

19. The majority of the time a part is in the plant is spent in two of the four categories. They are _____ & _____.
a. Set-up and Process
b. Process and Wait
c. QC and Wait
d. Queue and Wait

20. Jonah said, "An hour lost on a bottleneck is an hour lost for the entire system." The corresponding rule for a non-bottleneck is:
a. "An hour lost on a non-bottleneck is the unit cost per part multiplied by the number of parts it should have done."
b. "An hour lost on a non-bottleneck is the labor rate for the associated worker plus the material cost for the number of parts that should have been done."
c. "An hour lost on a non-bottleneck is a mirage."
d. "An hour lost on a non-bottleneck is an hour lost for the entire system."

21. The first step of the "process of on-going improvement" that was ultimately developed by Alex and his team is
a. Identify the system's constraint(s).
b. Elevate the system's constraint(s).
c. Decide how to exploit the system's constraint(s).
d. Subordinate everything to the above decision.

22. In a discussion between Lou and Alex, they concluded that the more complex the organization, ...
a. The greater the possibility that there will be a constraint.
b. The greater the possibility that there will be many constraints.
c. Almost guarantees that there will not be many constraints.
d. The less the possibility that there will be any constraints.

23. Which statement is correct?
a. Bottlenecks govern both Throughput and Inventory.
b. Utilization and activation are the same.
c. When somebody is working, we're getting use out of him or her.
d. Balance capacity with demand, and then try to maintain the flow.

24. When Alex and his team executed the step "SUBORDINATE everything else to the above decision," they:
a. Identified the oven and the NCX-10 as the bottlenecks in the plant.
b. Realized that the oven and the NCX-10 should not take a lunch break, etc.
c. Brought the old Zmegma, switch back to old, less effective routings.
d. Made sure that everything else marches to the tune of the constraint. (The red and green tags)

25. Assume the following: "X" is a bottleneck resource, and "Y" is an non-bottleneck resource, we have one of each and both have the capacity to run 600 hours per month. To keep flow balanced with demand, all 600 hours of "X" is required. Only 75% (450 hours) of the available time for "Y" is required to keep flow balanced with demand. If product flow goes from "Y" to "X" in the production process, how many hours should "Y" produce a month? (Flow Y➞X)
a. 300
b. 450
c. 500
d. 600